The Contributors

Richard Whish has been Professor of Law at King’s College London since January 1991; prior to that he taught at the University of Bristol. He is also a Professor at the College of Europe (Bruges).

Professor Whish is a qualified solicitor and was a partner at Watson, Farley and Williams from 1989 to 1998. He acts as a consultant to a variety of companies and regulatory agencies, and is a non-executive director of the Office of Fair Trading; he is also a member of the Board of the Singaporean Energy Market Authority.

Professor Whish is the author of or contributor to various books on competition law, including Competition Law, 5th edition (2003); Volume 47 of Halsbury’s Laws of England (with Ian Smith); the competition law chapter in Chitty on Contracts; the competition law chapter in the Stair Memorial Encyclopædia of the Laws of Scotland (with Ian Flint); The Competition Act 1998 (with Peter Freeman); Merger Cases in the Real World: A Study of Merger Control Procedures (with Diane Wood). He is co-consultant editor with Peter Freeman of Butterworths Competition Law.

Margaret C. Levenstein is Executive Director of the Michigan Census Research Data Center and Associate Research Scientist at the Survey Research Center in the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. She is also Adjunct Associate Professor at the Stephen M. Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.

Professor Levenstein received a Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1991 and a B.A. from Barnard College, Columbia University in 1984. Her fields of research and teaching include industrial organization, competition policy, and U.S. economic and business history. She is the author of Accounting for Growth: Information Systems and the Creation of the Large Corporation (Stanford University Press 1998) and co-editor of a two-volume collection, Cartels (Edward Elgar 2007). She is the author of articles on the history of competition and collusion, the historical development of information systems, international competition policy, and the impact of international cartels on developing countries.

Professor Levensteins current research falls in two areas: contemporary international cartels and the historical relationship between regional financial and economic development.

Valerie Y. Suslow is Associate Professor of Business Economics and Public Policy at the Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan. She received a Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University in 1984 and a BA from the University of California at Berkeley in 1979. Her fields of research and teaching include applied microeconomics, industrial organization, and competition policy. Her published work includes papers on international cartels, both historical and modern, the impact of international cartels on developing countries, and pricing in oligopoly industries.

Professor Suslow has prepared background papers for the U.S. Department of Justice and the World Bank on competition policy issues, and she has consulted on several of price-fixing investigations, both domestic and international. She is a senior editor at the Antitrust Law Journal. Professor Suslow was awarded a John Olin National Fellowship at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University in 1987-88, has taught at INSEAD in France and the Politecnico di Milano in Italy.

Peter Møllgaard is Professor of Law & Economics at, and Chairman of, the Department of Economics of the Copenhagen Business School, where he has been teaching economics since 1996. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the European University Institute in Florence in 1993 and a M.Sc. in Economics from the University of Copenhagen in 1989.

Professor Møllgaards fields of research and teaching include industrial organization, competition policy, regulation, and microeconomics. He has published papers on market manipulation, oligopolistic coordination, vertical restraints, joint ventures, market domination, competition policy and innovation, competition compliance, countervailing power, calculation of damages in cartel cases, and the law and economics of electricity market regulation.

His current research interests include the competitive effects of state aid and excessive pricing as abuse of dominance. As academic partner of Copenhagen Economics, professor Møllgaard has worked in a consulting capacity on competition matters for a variety of private firms and public agencies, including the European Commission. He has also acted as expert on the appraisal of damages appointed by the High Court of Western Denmark in the combined cases of the four municipalities v. three district-heating pipe cartel members during 2004 to 2005.

Dr Cristina Caffarra is an expert in the application of modern industrial economics to competition law, and in the empirical analysis of markets in the context of competition investigations. She has provided economic advice to companies on issues of merger control, assessment of vertical restraints, finding of dominance, evaluation of abusive conduct, and several other competition/ antitrust issues including bundling, tying, rebates, price discrimination, other forms of potentially exclusionary conduct, intellectual property rights, collusion and the assessment of damages. She has directed and coordinated empirical and theoretical economic analyses, and provided expert witness testimony on several cases before the European Commission, the competition authorities of several member states (including the UK, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Ireland, Spain, Finland and Sweden) and other jurisdictions such as South Africa.

Before the EU Commission she has been advising on merger cases such as TotalFina/Elf, Air Liquide/BOC, GE/Honeywell, UP Kymmene/Norske Skog/Haindl, BP/E.ON, Tetra/Sidel, NewsCorp/ Telepiù, Continental/Phoenix, Telefonica/O2, Ineos/BP Dormagen and Inco/Falconbridge as well as in the appeal of EDP-ENI/GDP before the CFI. She has worked on numerous cartel investigations, and has been involved throughout the European Commission’s investigation of Microsoft (on behalf of interveners such as Sun Microsystems and CCIA, including Microsoft’s appeal before the Courts. In the UK she has advised on several mergers, both at the OFT stage and before the Competition Commission.

Dr Caffarra joined CRA in June 2005, when CRA International acquired Lexecon Ltd. Prior to becoming part of CRA International, Lexecon Ltd was a leading specialist firm of economists expert in the application of economic analysis to competition and regulatory matters, and to commercial litigation. Dr Caffarra joined Lexecon Ltd in 1996, and became a Director in 1999, sharing her time between Brussels and London. She holds a first degree in Economics (honours) from Italy, and a D.Phil. (Ph.D.) in Economics from Oxford University. She has worked for research institutions both in Italy and at Oxford. She has written several articles for competition journals and presented paper on the economics of competition law at numerous conferences.

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